Heraklion is the largest city in Crete, located roughly in the centre of the north coast. Heraklion has a population of 131,000 (2001 census), but it is thought that approximately 200,000 people live in Heraklion Municipality and the neighbouring Alikarnassos Municipality today.
Heraklion is the 4th largest city in Greece. It has the largest port and airport in Crete. Heraklion Airport is also known as “Nikos Kazantzakis” International Airport, in honour of the most famous Cretan writer worldwide.
Heraklion has two major hospitals (the University Hospital and the Venizeleio Hospital). It is also the home of the University of Crete Schools of Sciences and Health Sciences (8,000 students). It is also the seat of the Foundation for Research and Technology – Hellas (ITE-FORTH), one of the largest research centres in the country, and the Technological Educational Institute of Crete (6,500 students). There are 8 University Schools and 11 Technical Schools (TEI) in total.